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        A Concise History and Development of the Lung Kong Organization

James S. L. Jung,  Lung Kong World Federation Elder
(March, 2012 in San Francisco, USA)


Lung Kong Ancient Temple

            In 1662, during the beginning years of the Qing dynasty (清朝:1644-1911), a temple was built on top of a
small hill in Shiu Kou County, Kai Ping City, Kwangtung Province, China, and named “Lung Kong Ancient Temple”
by the four-family members of Lew, Quan, Jung, and Chew. The intentions of the Temple were for solidarity,
worship and empowerment. But little did the builders would have ever known nor imagined that their temple laid
the foundation and marked the beginning of the growth to one of the largest family organizations existing in the
world today, which is the “Lung Kong Tin Yee” organization. Presently, there are Lung Kong Tin Yee Associations
all over the world and membership by the millions.

            Why was the Lung Kong Ancient Temple built on this particular hill? This hill was called “Dragon Hill” to
reflect its shape and sacred nature. The shape of this hill resembled a dragon’s head looking straight toward the sky.
And on many occasions, energy spurts could be seen from the top of the hill into heaven. According to
geomancers, positive chi energy generated from this hill would enhance and influence people’s health, careers,
romance, and prosperity. In other words, this hill has excellent feng shui. Dragon Hill belonged to the nearby
Lew family. However, due to the sacredness of this hill, nearby families of other surnames had eyed this hill
for quite sometime and wished to claim ownership. Because the Lew family members were out-numbered, they
had insufficient strength to stop any invasion by surrounding families. Subsequently, the Lew family eventually joined
forces with the nearby Quan, Jung, and Chew family members and together they built the Ancient Temple on the
Dragon Hill.         

Inside the Temple, the statues of the ancestor from each family: Lew Pei, Quan Yu, Jung Fei and Chew Wen
were at the altar. (Note: names are translated with Cantonese pronunciations. In present Pinyin system, the spelling
would be Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun.) Respectively, Lew Pei is an ancestor from the Lew family;
Quan Yu is the ancestor from the Quan family; Jung Fei is the ancestor from the Jung family; and Chew Wen is the
ancestor from the Chew family. When the Temple was in place, worshipping services were quite popular not only
by these four families who built it, but also by other surname families nearby and afar.

            The Chinese has hundreds of family surnames with many famous persons over the past five thousands of years
in history, so why had the four families chosen Liu Bei, Guan Yu, Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun to be their ancestors to
worship and commemorate? (Note: From this point on, all Chinese names will be here in translated using the Pinyin
system). To find out who they were and what they had accomplished, one must go back about 2,000 years in Chinese
 history to the later Han dynasty period between 168 AD and 220 AD.

Eternal Brotherhood
          The Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) controlled China for over 400 years, and it was known as one of the
most powerful and strong periods in China history. But toward the end of the Han dynasty (168 AD-220 AD), all the
emperors in this period were weak leaders. With severe corruption in the palace and warlords fighting among each other,
the whole country was disorganized. At the same time, famine and flood struck the land and were often ignored by the
Emperor. People suffered greatly. The worst time period was in 184 AD when a large and powerful group of rebels
called the “Yellow Turban” (symbolized by a yellow scarf tied on their heads) wanted to overthrow the kingdom.
The emperor at the time was frightened and sent out official notice to call for volunteers to quash the rebels. The country
was in chaos. Among thousands of volunteers that had wished to join the imperial army, three common, patriotic young
men, Liu Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei were no exception. At the time, Liu Bei was a mat and straw sandal maker, even
though he was a descendant from one of the early Han emperors. Guan Yu was a fugitive, who had slain a bad bully in
his own town. Zhang Fei was a butcher and a wine seller.

            It is no doubt that the greatest threat was the Yellow Turban rebellion. This was when Liu Bei, Guan Yu, and
Zhang Fei first met each other while on the verge to enlist into the government force. They got together to discuss
the country’s political, economic, and social problems the country faced at the moment, and became good friends.
Furthermore, they discovered that they shared the same compassion, sincerity, dedication and goal to serve the
country and to save the people from the suffering. Desiring to be more than good friends, the three of them
gathered at the Peach Garden (owned by Zhang Fei), knelt down, bowed to Heaven and Earth, and swore to be
eternal brothers
. They vowed from that day forward to unite their hearts and strengths to help each other in danger
and to serve the country and help its people from suffering. They were even willing to die together for the cause.
The eternal brotherhood of Lui Bei, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, was truly based on absolute righteousness; bonded for
their entire lives. This was the famous historical legend of the  “Brotherhood at the Peach Garden” which occurred in
 184 AD.
             Subsequently, the three sworn brothers raised their own army and joined the governmental force and distinguished
themselves in helping to suppress the Yellow Turban rebels. They, as common working folks, became heroes and created
a legend for themselves. After the Yellow Turban rebels were annihilated, rather than becoming united, the kingdom, in
fact, became more fractionized. Severe political corruption continued at the royal palace and warlords were fighting more
fiercely than ever for territorial control. People were still in great misery. The three fraternal brothers continued their
fight for the people until by 200 AD (16 years after the three brothers who have sworn brotherhood at the Peach
Garden), when another young warrior, Zhao Yun, joined them as the fourth brother at the Ancient City. The four
pledged brothers vowed to dedicate their entire lives with great determination to save the empire and to reaffirm the
lawful sovereignty of the Han dynasty. All throughout their legend, besides being bold warriors, all four exhibited
and demonstrated their wisdom, bravery, courage, kindness, righteousness and leadership in their struggle for the
country. Finally in 221 AD, Liu Bei was proclaimed Emperor of the Shu Han kingdom, and his three brothers, Guan
Yu, Zhang Fei, and Zhao Yun, became Generals. Their united effort and tales of deeds are recorded in a famous
novel called "The Romance of the Three Kingdoms” by Luo Guanzhong. Due to the four brothers’ profound spirits
of righteousness, kindness, wisdom, royalty, and especially true brotherhood, they influenced and greatly impacted
the Chinese culture and the Chinese people from generation to generation for over thousands of years. Unequivocally,
descendants of the four brothers continue to be proud of the deeds and accomplishments of their prestigious
ancestors; therefore, to worship and commemorate them all is most proper and an honor.

Lung Kong in the United States

Livelihood opportunities, such as Gold Rush and the construction of the transcontinental railroad in
California, USA in the mid-eighteen hundreds, attracted many Chinese people to emigrate especially from
Guangdong Province, China. Due to social hostilities and discrimination, most Chinese immigrants were
forced to stay in the San Francisco Chinatown area. Many different family groups started to formulate family
associations. With no exception, the families of Lew, Quan, Jung, and Chew in 1876 built a “Lung Kong Ancient
Temple” in the heart of San Francisco Chinatown, a replicate of the same Temple in Shiu Kou County in 1662,
for a place of worship and meetings. As years passed, more four-family members arrived in San Francisco.
Around 1895, two four-family associations had organized: the San Francisco Lung Kong Association and the
San Francisco Mu Tin Association (later changing its name to Ming Yee Association). The former was engaged
in fraternal activities such as providing a meeting place, promoting social activities for its members, and aiding
and helping its newly arrived members from China. The latter was formed for the protection of its members
from unfair hostilities. Unfortunately a massive earthquake in 1906 completely destroyed the Temple and all
historical records. Not willing to give up so easily, as well as pressing needs dictating, in 1910, the four-family
forefathers got together and built a new “Lung Kong Building” at 1034 Stockton Street as the home for the San
Francisco Lung Kong Association. In 1924, another building was acquired at 924 Grant Avenue, named the
 “Ming Yee Building,” in which the San Francisco Lung Kong Association has resided in ever since.

            Economic opportunities began to open up in many places across the country. Chinese immigrants from
China and from San Francisco Chinatown started to move to meet these challenges. Some of the four-family
members traveled to different parts of the country to work, settle, and formulate additional four-family
associations or groups with names such as Lung Kong , Mu Tin, Ming Yee, and Four Brothers.

 The following table is a summary of the four-family associations and the years of establishment in the United States:

Lung Kong Association(4)


  Ancient Temple in San Francisco


  New York






  San Francisco (2)

1895, 1986

  Los Angeles










  New England


  USA (Headquarters) in San Francisco(1)




  Pan American (Headquarters) in San Francisco(3)








(1)       In 1928, the first Lung Kong Fraternal Convention was held in Los Angeles, California where
a resolution was passed to combine the San Francisco Lung Kong Associationand San Francisco

Yee Association to become the Lung Kong Tin Yee Association, USA  as the headquarters
to all lung kong and ming yee associations in the United States.

(2)  Due to an increase in membership, activities and representation, in October1986, the Lung Kong
 Association of San Francisco was revived and re-organized to the identity similarly established
in 1895.

(3)    In 1948, Pan American Lung Kong Tin Yee Association held its Second Fraternal Convention
  in New York City and truly established this association as the Headquarters for all the lung kong
 and ming yee associations in the entire North and South America continents.

(4)    In 1951, Pan American Lung Kong Tin Yee Association held its Third Fraternal Convention in
San Francisco and passed a resolution that all four-family associations and clubs should unify its
English names to: Lung Kong Tin Yee Association
.  However, presently there are still three Ming
Yee clubs in existent. One in San Francisco, called the “Ming Yee Kee Loo”; one in New York,
called the “Ming Yee Club”; and one in Los Angeles, called the “Ming Yee Hin”. Their existences
are mainly due to providing a comfortable place for Lung Kong elder members to
meet, relax and enjoy.

Lung Kong in Canada

After the transcontinental railroad was completed in California, Chinese immigrants (include the four-family
members) from the San Francisco area continued to move to areas where there were economic opportunities.
Traveling northward, first they settled in Portland, Oregon, then to Seattle, Washington and eventually to
Victoria and Vancouver, Canada. At the same time, more Chinese immigrants from China entered Canada
and their first stop was Victoria. Similar situations and conditions existed in Canada, as in San Francisco;
new immigrants needed protection and safe guards. Therefore, family associations (including the four-
family associations) were formed. The first four-family association was the Victoria Lung Kong Association,
which was established in 1902. Later it became the Headquarters for all the Lung Kong associations in Canada.

The following table summarizes the Lung Kong Associations and year they were established in Canada:

  Lung Kong Association


     Victoria (Headquarters)












Lung Kong in Mexico and South America

            Four-family members moved southward from the San Francisco area to the Los Angeles area;
then to Mexico and other South America locales. Also, many Chinese immigrants traveled to South
America for better opportunities from the Kwangtung Province, China as early as the 1850’s.

     The following table lists the Lung Kong Associations and the year of establishment in Mexico
     and South America:       

Lung Kong Association


    Lima, Peru


    Mexicali, Mexico


    Havana, Cuba


Lung Kong in Southeast Asia

            Due to unstable political situations in China such as the Opium Wars (1839-42 and 1856-60) and the
Taiping Revolution (1850-64), large numbers of Chinese immigrated abroad for better living conditions and
economic opportunities. This was especially true for Chinese people living in Kwangtung and Fukin Provinces,
the southeastern part of the country, where living conditions were the worst.
      In fact, in this period (1840-1890) more Chinese people left for the Southeast Asian regions than to America.
The very first four-family association organized in the Southeast Asian region was the Kucheng Association in
Singapore in 1873. Subsequently other four-family associations were formulated in the region. All four-family
associations had continued to be organized with the name “Kucheng” instead of “Lung Kong.” However, at present,

most “Kucheng” association
s have now been changed to “Lung Kong” associations in the region.

       The following table summarizes some of the earlier Lung Kong Associations (Kucheng Associations)
       and the year of establishment in the Southeast Asian region:

 Lung Kong Association




    Manila, Philippine






    Kuala, Lumpur


    Bangkok, Thailand


    Sarawak, Borneo


    Malaysia Federation




Lung Kong in Other Areas of the World

At the Fifth Fraternal Convention of the Pan American Lung Kong Tin Yee Association held in
Havana, Cuba in 1958, a proposal to establish a worldwide Lung Kong association was passed and adopted.
In addition, a special committee was formed to study its feasibility. There, a seed was planted to establish a
worldwide Lung Kong organization. Two years later, in August 1960, the Hong Kong Lung Kong Tin Yee
Association was established. Lung Kong association delegations from all over the world came to Hong Kong
to celebrate the new association. Right after the celebration, over 40 delegates remained in Hong Kong and
met for 14 days straight to discuss, plan and formulate the structure of a worldwide lung kong organization.
Finally, in September 29, 1960, the Lung Kong World Federation was born. Headquarters remained in Hong
Kong. Eight years later, in 1968, the Lung Kong World Federation headquarters moved to Taipei, Taiwan to
this day.

        The following table summarizes the Lung Kong Associations and the year of establishment
        in other areas of the world:

 Lung Kong Association


    Sze Yap, Kwangtung, China


    Hong Kong


    World Federation


    London, England


    Paris, France


    Taipei, Taiwan


    Tokyo, Japan




    Madrid, Spain



The Purpose of Lung Kong

          The growth of the Lung Kong organization is quite a phenomenon. From a temple, which started 350
years ago in an unknown village in southern China, to the present day, Lung Kong associations are established
all over the world. It can be said that the sun will never set on Lung Kong. How did the organizations grow
so large and so quickly? A look into the purposes of the Lung Kong organization in which its members obey
and practice will find that the answer is
quite apparent.

   “The purposes of the Association are: to propagate the spirit of our four Ancestors,
   as expressed in their sworn eternal brotherhood at the Peach Garden and in their
    assembly at the Ancient City, and in the teachings of Ancestor Liu; to promote
virtues of loyalty, righteousness, kindness, and courage; also to unite in devoted
fellowship and seek mutual assistance and mutual benefit.”

rpt from the Bylaws of the Pan American Lung Kong Tin Yee Association)

 To note, the teachings of Ancestor Liu Bei are rather noble and they can be simply expressed as follows:

                  Don’t do anything evil regardless how small it is;
                  Don’t fail to do a good deed regardless how negligible it is;
                  Only with virtues and wisdom can win people’s heart

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